Worker bee’s everyday work

Bees are quite “genetically programmed” to perform tasks with a single purpose: the survival of the beehive. Like a computer, the bees do not perform any operation unless they accept the appropriate impulse. Depending on the received impulse from other bees or theenvironment, they make the appropriate task every time. Their reactions are really remarkable in just a few milliseconds! The division of tasks are made depending the age of each bee. Cleanliness. Once born the bee, starts to work! For three days, she take care of the cleanliness of cells. Cleaning (removal of dead brood or bees, disinfection / sealing with propolis) continues in parallel with other tasks for … Read More

Pollen as a dietary supplement?

Pollen can be derived from different flowering and this means that two jars pollen can be very different. Thus, nutrients of each pollen are different. The protein content in pollen has range from 7,5 to 35 %. It contains usually less than 5% fat but also sugars, vitamins, starch and inorganic salts. In an excellent review / survey (Schmidt and Buchmann, 1992) in which pollen was compared with other foods (beef, fried chicken, baked beans, wholemeal bread, apples, raw vegetables and tomatoes) for the average protein, fat, vitamins and minerals content, pollen was richer in most ingredients (when you compare the content of by weight or calories of these foods). … Read More

The mystery of royal jelly

Similarly to pollen, royal jelly can be used as a dietary supplement because of their nutritious value. They have published many chemical analyzes of royal jelly in recent years. After the latest technological developments, we are able to provide detailed analyzes of the composition of this unusual and complex acid substances (pH 3,6 to 4,2). The main components of royal jelly are water, proteins, sugars, lipids and mineral salts. The composition of royal jelly is relatively stable when comparing different colonies of bee races and time. Water is about the 1/3 of fresh royal jelly. Moreover, proteins and sugars are by far the major components. Although small amounts, all amino … Read More

Therapeutic propolis

Propolis is composed of wax (30%), resins (55%), essential oils (10%) and pollen (5%). Logically, according the flora around the hive, propolis content is different. This is because each plant has different resins, essential oils and pollen! Each plant is unique and each propolis is also!

What is the most important work of the bee?

The first thing that comes to mind about bees is honey. But this extraordinary insect has a mission greater than honey: the reproduction of plants. Bees are continuously working to create bring food on our table. In fact, they keep this planet alive, because without plants there is no life, but without bees, 1/3 of plants will go extinct! In the small legs of bees, pollen sticks on, each time they visit a flower. Pollen is located on anthers, the male part of the plant and consists of microspores. These are carried by the bee “accidentally” on top of the female part of the plant, the stigma. Each microspore creates … Read More

Honey or sugar in your tea?

One gram of refined sugar has about the same calories (4 calories) with a gram honey (3 calories) (USDA). But all calories are not the same for our health! (Lustig, 2015) One teaspoon of sugar (4,2g) or honey (21g) have very different nutritional value. The sugar consists of carbons and contains sodium, potassium and calcium. Honey is also comprised of carbons, but also contains minerals (calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc), vitamins (vitamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B 6, folic acid), and a small amount of protein and fiber. Furthermore, honey contains enzymes that helps in digestion, gastrointestinal diseases and infections, ulcers and liver disorders (FAO, 1996). The bee adds enzymes … Read More

Honey: from the flower on your plate

Bee needs pollen and nectar to live. Pollen is stored to give it energy when needed. Nectar is the substance of which honey is created. But how does nectar is converted into honey? The bee has two “stomachs”, one for the storage of nectar and another to feed. Bees are collecting nectar and stored it in a special “bag” near their stomach. They can store nectar almost the same weight as their bodies! It should visit 100-1500 flowers to fill it! In the hive, they give nectar to other bees. In this process, water evaporates from nectar, reducing moisture from 70% to 20%! Of course, if the environment has a … Read More

Bee’s “tools”

The eyes. Bees and other pollinators see the world different from us. They have three simple eyes (at the top of the head) and two composite eyes (at the side of the head). Moreover, because they see a different range of colors and with different intensity of the humans, blossoms’ are very different for them! The bee can distinguish four colors: ultraviolet, blue, green-blue and yellow. Humans cannot see ultraviolet, while bees cannot see red. Simple eyes are basically not for seeing, but help them navigate, depending on the intensity of light. Each part of the compound eyes the “ommatio” (4,000 ommatia in each eye) send information about colors and … Read More

Can the hive live without the queen?

How bees are such an organized society? The answer is “queen bee”! Her importance in the hive is huge and from ancient times it was often linked to a goddess! The queen is the only person in the beehive (an only one in each beehive) that can lay eggs. The beehive can perceive that there is no queen in just a couple of hours! This is because the queen releases several “smells” or pheromones, which connects each bee in the hive. If colony misses that smell, bees start “weeping” and after some hours, they start breeding new queens. The most powerful new Queen will survive and provide a lot of … Read More

Precious bee products: how bee made them?

Except their gift of fertilizing 1/3 of fruits and vegetables, bees provide a wide range of bee products. The most famous product of beekeeping is honey, but wax, pollen, propolis, royal jelly, venom have also unique properties. Most of these products can be consumed directly as produced by bees. Also, these products can be a component of another product (eg famous pasteli with honey, cosmetic products with propolis or royal jelly, etc.). Honey. The bees suck nectar from flowers and store it in an stomach-like organ. When the bee returns to the hive, another bee takes nectar and puts in cells and helps the water to evaporate with her wings. … Read More