Explore the world of bees and learn her secrets

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Precious bee products: how bee made them?

Except their gift of fertilizing 1/3 of fruits and vegetables, bees provide a wide range of bee products. The most famous product of beekeeping is honey, but wax, pollen, propolis, royal jelly, venom have also unique properties. Most of these products can be consumed directly as produced by bees. Also, these products can be a component of another product (eg famous pasteli with honey, cosmetic products with propolis or royal jelly, etc.).

Honey. The bees suck nectar from flowers and store it in an stomach-like organ. When the bee returns to the hive, another bee takes nectar and puts in cells and helps the water to evaporate with her wings. He also adds an enzyme (invertase) which helps to the breaking of sugar molecules. Once the honey is thick (most of the moisture has evaporate) is sealed with a cap of wax.

Pollen. The pollen grains are small units of spores formed in the anthers of flowering plants. Bees collect pollen in the cells of the hive and adding various enzymes to “sterilize” it. Moreover, they add starch to form the characteristic pellets received in jar with our pollen.

Propolis. The propolis is the “glue” of bees, a mixture of beeswax and resins produced by other insects or plants. It is used by the bees for 1) to close holes or cracks of the nest, 2) to cover dead insects or foreign objects, such as leaves, 3) to reduce the size of the entrance of the hive. Propolis has antibacterial and antifungal properties.

Royal jelly. Royal jelly is a substance rich in protein for larvae (bee’s babies). Queen larva will be fed only royal jelly. It is produced by specific bee glands and consists of pollen and honey which are transformed into sugars, fats, amino acids, vitamins, minerals and proteins.

Poison. It is used for the bee to sting and protect the beehive. It consists of a complex mixture of proteins. Recent research shows that the poison may have therapeutic benefits in humans.

Wax. It is produced by special glands located in the abdomen of the bee. They produce it by eating honey and a small amount of protein (pollen). In order to produce 1 kg bees wax, bees consume about 8,5 kg Honey! So we usually give in our ready-built bees wax cells to rest them and make economy in honey!


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